This paper emphasizes the importance of container flow forecasting
and provide a comprehensive tool for that purpose.
This paper proposes a fuzzy neural network prediction approach based on metaheuristics for container flow forecasting. The approach uses fuzzy if–then rules for selection between two different heuristics for developing neural network architecture, simulated annealing and genetic algorithm, respectively. These non-parametric models are compared with traditional parametric ARIMA technique. Time series composed from monthly container traffic observations for Port of Barcelona are used for model developing and testing. Models are compared based on the most
important criteria for performance evaluation and for each of the data sets (total container traffic, loaded, unloaded, transit and empty) the appropriate model is selected.
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